AS9120B, ISO 9001:2015, and FAA AC 0056B ACCREDITED

Rail Conveyors: A Comprehensive Guide

When it comes to transporting goods efficiently and swiftly in various industries, conveyor systems play a pivotal role. Among the many conveyor systems available, rail conveyors have gained popularity for their reliability and versatility. In this comprehensive blog, we will delve into the world of rail conveyors, exploring what they are, how they work, their applications, and the role of electric motors in powering these systems.

Understanding Rail Conveyors

Rail conveyors, also known as railcar conveyors or track conveyors, are a form of material handling equipment designed to move heavy and bulky loads along a set of tracks or rails. These conveyors consist of a wheeled cart or trolley that runs on the rails and carries the load. For an ease of use, the cart is typically equipped with a platform or container that holds the materials to be transported.

How Rail Conveyors Work?

The operation of rail conveyors is relatively straightforward, and an electric motor powers the movement of the cart along the rails. The motor is usually connected to a gearbox, which controls the speed and direction of the conveyor system. By adjusting the motor's speed and direction, operators can precisely control the movement of materials.

One of the key advantages of rail conveyors is their ability to move in a straight line, making them ideal for applications where materials need to be transported from one point to another without deviation. The rails provide a stable and predictable path, ensuring that the materials are transported safely.

Applications of Rail Conveyors

Rail conveyors find application in a wide range of industries due to their versatility and efficiency. Some common uses include:

  • Mining: Rail conveyors are used to transport mined materials, such as coal, ore, and minerals, from an extraction site to processing facilities or loading docks.
  • Agriculture: In agriculture, rail conveyors are employed for tasks like transporting harvested crops, such as grains and produce, within processing plants or storage facilities.
  • Manufacturing: Rail conveyors play a critical role in manufacturing processes, moving raw materials and finished products along a production line.
  • Logistics and Warehousing: Rail conveyors are used in logistics and warehousing operations to transport goods within distribution centers and warehouses.
  • Construction: Rail conveyors are utilized in construction sites for moving construction materials, including concrete, bricks, and steel.
  • Automotive: In automotive manufacturing, rail conveyors facilitate the movement of vehicle components along assembly lines.

Electric Motors in Rail Conveyors

As alluded to before, electric motors are the heart of rail conveyor systems, providing the power needed to move heavy loads efficiently. These motors are typically selected based on the specific requirements of an application, taking into consideration factors such as load capacity, speed, and environmental conditions.

Rail conveyors can be powered by various types of electric motors, including alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) motors. The choice of motor type depends on the application's demands and the available power source. Moreover, the speed and direction of the rail conveyor are controlled by the electric motor, and sophisticated control systems allow operators to fine-tune the conveyor's performance to meet their needs.

Electric motors are generally chosen for their efficiency and reliability, and they can provide consistent power output, reducing the risk of downtime and costly maintenance. In some applications, such as those in sensitive environments or where emissions need to be minimized, electric motors are preferred over other forms of power, such as internal combustion engines.


In conclusion, rail conveyors are a valuable asset in the world of material handling and transportation. This is because they offer a reliable and efficient solution for various industries, thanks to their straightforward operation and the crucial role of electric motors.

If you are in the market for high-caliber products for conveyor systems, rail systems, and/or other similar items, we have you covered on NSN World with our unmatched inventory of offerings. As we follow a strict NO CHINA SOURCING pledge, customers can expect every order to ship out alongside any applicable qualifying certifications or manufacturing trace documentation. We also offer around-the-clock customer care, so contact us via phone or email at any time; our team members are on standby!


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